According to the New Testament, Joseph and Mary were living in … Pop. Christian theology has linked this with the belief that his birth there fulfills the Old Testament prophecy of Israel’s future ruler coming from Bethlehem Ephrathah (Micah 5:2). Bethlehem is first mentioned in the Bible in connection with Rachel, who died on the wayside near there (Genesis 35:19). Today we journeyed to Bethlehem. Bethlehem of Judah was a small Jewish village in the first century where Jesus, the Messiah born and today is one of most important city in the Palestinian Territory. Muslim rule continued in Bethlehem until its conquest in 1099 by a crusading army, … David himself “was the son of that Ephrathite of Bethlehem-judah, whose name was Jesse” (1 Sa 17:12). Bethlehem of Judah is on the ridge of the Judean Hills and near the desert, thus a place of emptiness, of humility. Bishop Mina 2021 Canadian Pastoral Letter For The Glorious Feast of Nativity In 1995 Israel ceded control of Bethlehem to the newly established Palestinian Authority in preparation for a two-state solution. The New Testament identifies Bethlehem as the birthplace of Jesus. Bethlehem is not naturally well supplied with water, the nearest spring is 800 yds. This, together with the New Testament, which he had translated from the Greek before going to Palestine, constitutes the Vulgate, the standard Latin translation of the Bible used by the Roman Catholic Church. In Bethlehem of Judea Deconstructing the myth of a Palestinian Jesus Most Christians who have answered the call to live and serve in Israel sorely miss our families back home during the Christmas season. Present-Day Bethlehem . Bethlehem-judah (3 Occurrences) Ruth 1:1 And it came to pass in the days when the judges judged, that there was a famine in the land. Bethlehem or House of Bread is the born village of Yeshua, Jesus, the Messiah. It is first mentioned in the Armana letters fourteen centuries BCE. and S. It is just off the main road to Hebron and the S., but upon the highroad to Tekoa and En-gedi. Bethlehem is an agricultural market and trade town that is closely linked to nearby Jerusalem. Bethlehem and its suburbs have many churches, convents, schools, and hospitals supported by Christian denominations the world over. It occupies an outstanding position upon a spur running E. from the watershed with deep valleys to the N.E. For we saw His star in the east and have come to worship Him.” 3 When Herod the king heard this, he was troubled, and all Jerusalem with him. January 1, 2016 ~ aforenceeastsidecatholicorg. Now when Jesus was born in Bethlehem of Judea in the days of Herod the king, behold, wise men from the East came to Jerusalem, saying, 2 “Where is he who has been born king of the Jews? media ; Most Christians who have answered the call to live and serve in Israel sorely miss our families back home during the Christmas season. Inasmuch as Hadrian devastated Bethlehem and set up there a sacred grove to Adonis (Jerome, Ep. Click here for instructions on how to enable JavaScript in your browser. The reason Bethlehem – which is really in a desert – does have cold weather is because it is on a range of hills and at an elevation of 2,400 meters above sea level it. Pope Tawadros II Defends Western Coptic Orthodox Church; Metropolitan Bishop Serapion 2021 Festal Letter For The Glorious Feast of Nativity; H.G. But we certainly don’t miss the commercialization of the holidays. Here is a picture of the Judean hill country. (2017) town, 28,248; Bethlehem, Bayt Jālā, and Bayt Sāḥūr conurbation, 54,728. Corrections? Aviram Oshri is right that, in Luke’s Gospel, it made no sense for Joseph to take the heavily pregnant Mary all the way from Nazareth in Galilee to Bethlehem in Judea, especially as the Romans would never have counted a woman. David’s “three mighty men” “brake through the host of the Philistines, and drew water out of the well of Beth-lehem, that was by the gate, and took it, and brought it to David” (2 Sa 23:14,16). Is small jewish village of ancient Judea comes to be the most important christian site in the Palestinians Territory today controlled by Arabs, Qasr el Yahud, the Baptism Site in Jordan River, Mount Moriah or the Temple Mount in Jerusalem, The Western Wall or Wailing Wall in Jerusalem. Bethlehem of Judea, the Birthplace of Jesus-West from Church of Nativity, Palestine Public Domain. The surrounding country is fertile, cornfields, fig and olive yards and vineyards abound. Greek Orthodox priests, Palestinian Pres. Today, approximately 60,000 people live in and around the broader Bethlehem area. Ring in the new year with a Britannica Membership. Due to its proximity to Nazareth, one historian believes that it is the Bethlehem where Jesus of Nazareth was born. Bethlehem of Judea. St. Helena (c. 248–c. The town forms a conurbation with adjoining Bayt Jālā, to the northwest, and Bayt Sāḥūr, to the southeast. Currently you have JavaScript disabled. The position is one of natural strength; it was occupied by a garrison of the Philistines in the days of David (2 Sa 23:14; 1 Ch 11:16) and was fortified by Rehoboam (2 Ch 11:6). And a certain man of Bethlehem-judahwent to sojourn in the country of Moab, he, and his wife, and his two sons. Bethlehem of Judea is a city of 25,000 today. ... King Herod, who was the ruler in Judea, plotted to kill the baby-king by ordering the slaughter of all male children two years old and younger in Bethlehem and surrounding areas (Matthew 2:16–18). The hill country was a rough stony land with deep ravines rising 2500 feet to the open … The whole area is quite hilly. Bethlehem Judah, or EPHRATH or EPHRATHAH (which see) is now Beit Lahm (Arabic = “house of meat”), a town of upward of 10,000 inhabitants, 5 miles S. of Jerusalem and 2,350 ft. above sea level. The town of Bethlehem of Judea, about six miles south of Jerusalem, has always been considered the birthplace of Jesus. Two thousand years ago, it was a small town of a few hundred to perhaps one thousand residents. Ancient period. But we certainly don’t miss the commercialization of the holidays. Constantine (circa 330) founded a basilica over the cave-stable which tradition pointed out as the scene of the birth, and his church, unchanged in general structure though enlarged by Justinian and frequently adorned, repaired and damaged, remains today the chief attraction of the town. Articles from Britannica Encyclopedias for elementary and high school students. In Bethlehem of Judea Deconstructing the myth of a Palestinian Jesus. John Burger-published on 12/15/20. It was quite an experience going to Bethlehem. Expand Favorite. The … Now when Jesus was born in Bethlehem of Judaea in the days of Herod the king, behold, there came wise men from the east to Jerusalem. And he sent them to Bethlehem, and said, Go and search diligently for the young child; and when ye have found him, bring me word again, that I may come and worship him also. In the Bible the city is often referred to as Bethlehem Ephrathah, or Bethlehem-Judah. Our editors will review what you’ve submitted and determine whether to revise the article. Bethlehem, a small village in Judea, generally experienced the same historical events as the entire Holy Land, so for a detailed acquaintance, one should turn to the history of Israel. Judea was part of the Hill Country though it contained four other regions, The coastal plain, the Shephelah (lowlands near the coast), the Negev (southland), and the wilderness. Click here for instructions on how to enable JavaScript in your browser. It was referred to by the angel as the City of David where Christ (the Messiah) was born as predicted by the prophet Micah in the 8th century BC. It occupies an outstanding position upon a spur running E. from the watershed with deep valleys to the N.E. To Bethlehem came Samuel to anoint a successor to unworthy Saul (1 Sa 16:4): “David went to and fro from Saul to feed his father’s sheep at Bethlehem” (1 Sa 17:15). The winter months in Bethlehem are from November to March and although it does get cold the Bethlehem winter weather is still warm compared to European winters. In this story of the destitute widow and the Bethlehem man who later married, protected, and provided for her, we see a picture of Jesus, our kinsman redeemer. During the Crusades, Bethlehem became of great importance and prosperity; it remained in Christian hands after the overthrow of the Latin kingdom, and at the present day it is in material things one of the most prosperous Christian centers in the Holy Land. Bethlehem is a collection of very fertile villages that grows almonds and, more importantly, olives for oil. In Bethlehem of Judea," they told him, "because this is what was written by the prophet: American Standard Version And they said unto him, In Bethlehem of Judaea: for thus it is written through the prophet, Contemporary English Version They told him, "He will be born in Bethlehem, just as the prophet wrote, Douay-Rheims Bible But they said to him: In Bethlehem of Juda. Located in the Galilee near Kiryat Tivon, around 10 kilometers north-west of Nazareth and 30 kilometers east of Haifa, it falls under the jurisdiction of the Jezreel Valley Regional Council. In order to post comments, please make sure JavaScript and Cookies are enabled, and reload the page. It is the setting for most of the Book of Ruth and was the presumed birthplace, and certainly the home, of Ruth’s descendant King David; there he was anointed king of Israel by the prophet Samuel (I Samuel 16). Matthew 2:1 - Now when Jesus was born in Bethlehem of Judaea in the days of Herod the king, behold, there came wise men from the east to Jerusalem. Bethlehem in Judea, the famous one, is located 5 miles (8 km) south of Jerusalem, near the ancient main road to Hebron (and even Egypt, if one was going further). Save my name, email, and website in this browser for the next time I comment. “Bethlehem” in Hebrew means the “house” ( bet) of “bread” ( lehem ). According to the Gospels (Matthew 2; Luke 2), Bethlehem was the site of the Nativity of Jesus Christ. By signing up for this email, you are agreeing to news, offers, and information from Encyclopaedia Britannica. to the S.E., but for many centuries the “low level aqueduct” from “Solomon’s Pools” in the Artas valley, which has here been tunneled through the hill, has been tapped by the inhabitants; there are also many rock-cut cisterns. An ancient settlement, it is possibly mentioned in the Amarna Letters (14th-century-bce diplomatic documents found at Tell el-Amarna, Egypt), but the reading there is uncertain. Be on the lookout for your Britannica newsletter to get trusted stories delivered right to your inbox. In the NT Bethlehem is mentioned as the birthplace of the Messiah Jesus (Mt 2:1,5; Lk 2:4,25) in consequence of which event occurred Herod’s “massacre of the innocents” (Mt 2:8,26). Bethlehem, Arabic Bayt Laḥm (“House of Meat”), Hebrew Bet Leḥem (“House of Bread”), town in the West Bank, situated in the Judaean Hills 5 miles (8 km) south of Jerusalem. Bethlehem of Galilee is a moshav in northern Israel. From this town came those famous “sons of Zeruiah,” David’s nephews, whose loyalty and whose ruthless cruelty became at once a protection and a menace to their royal relative: in 2 Sa 2:32 it is mentioned that one of them, Asahel, was buried “in the sepulchre of his father, which was in Bethlehem.” “Bethlehem,” ISBE, n.p. Bethlehem was also the hometown of Ruth’s father-in-law, Elimelech, and where she met Boaz, her kinsman redeemer. A large proportion of the town’s population is Christian. During the Jewish return to Palestine after the Babylonian Exile (516 bce and following), the town was repopulated; later a Roman garrison was there during the Second Jewish Revolt led by Bar Kokhba (135 ce). Encyclopaedia Britannica's editors oversee subject areas in which they have extensive knowledge, whether from years of experience gained by working on that content or via study for an advanced degree.... Manger Square and the Church of the Nativity during the traditional Christmas procession in Bethlehem, West Bank. The Bible tells us that Bethlehem Ephratah was the birthplace of King David (1 Samuel 16:1-18). Retrouvez Title: Legends of Judea and Samaria Bethlehem Hebron Jeri et des millions de livres en stock sur Amazon.fr. Let us know if you have suggestions to improve this article (requires login). The modern moshav is located at the site of the ancient Israelite settlement known as Bethlehem of Zebulun or Berlehem Zoria. Palestine is in Israel, but not actually part of Israel. They are under the Palestinian Authority. This article was most recently revised and updated by, https://www.britannica.com/place/Bethlehem, Jewish Virtual Library - Bethlehem, West Bank, Bethlehem - Children's Encyclopedia (Ages 8-11), Bethlehem - Student Encyclopedia (Ages 11 and up). The celestial event … vovan | Shutterstock. Some modern New Testament scholars believe parts of the Gospel accounts to be later accretions and hold that Jesus was born in Nazareth, his childhood home, but normative Christian belief has sanctified Bethlehem as Jesus’ birthplace for almost two millennia. “In Bethlehem in Judea,” they replied, “for this is what the prophet has written: 6 ‘But you, Bethlehem, in the land of Judah, are by no means least among the rulers of Judah; for out of you will come a ruler who will shepherd my people Israel.’ ” Matthew 2:5,6 . Bethlehem (House of Bread - House of Lahmu) is located about 10 Kilometers (6 miles) southwest of Jerusalem by the hill country of Judea on the way to Hebron. In modern times, Bethlehem was administered as part of the British mandate of Palestine (1920–48; see Palestine: The British mandate); after the first of the Arab-Israeli wars (1948–49), it was in the territory annexed by Jordan in 1950 and placed in al-Quds (Jerusalem) muḥāfaẓah (governorate). The town has been a monastic centre for centuries; St. Jerome built a monastery there and, with the aid of Palestinian rabbis, translated the Old Testament into Latin from the original Hebrew (5th century ce). Ruth, famous chiefly as the ancestress of David, and of the Messiah, settled in Bethlehem with her second husband Boaz, and it is noticeable that from her new home she could view the mountains of Moab, her native land. Bethlehem became part of Jund Filastin following the Muslim conquest in 637. The church was later divided between the Greek Orthodox, Roman Catholic, and Armenian Orthodox faiths. And he came and dwelt in a city called Nazareth: that it might be fulfilled which was spoken by the prophets, He shall be called a Nazarene. It was founded around the XVII-XVI centuries BC in the land of Canaan. Physicist: 'Star of Bethlehem' may have been planetary alignment. Then Herod called the magi secretly and ascertained from them the time of the star's appearance. Why was the town where Jesus will be born named “Bethlehem”? Bethlehem, meaning "house of bread," was also the renowned City of David. also known as: Bethlehemjudah, Bethlehem of Juda, Bethlehem of Judea, Bethlehem-Ephratah, Ephratah, Ephrath, City of David Situated in the hill country, it was originally called Ephratah/Ephrath , meaning “fruitful” ( Genesis 35:16 , 19 ; 48:7 ; Ruth 4:11 ), and its citizens were called Ephrathites . After the Six-Day War of 1967, it was part of the Israeli-occupied territory of the West Bank. Bethlehem is within the boundaries of Palestine. Several initiatives were undertaken in the early 21st century to encourage local economic development through renewed tourism by Western pilgrims. Bethlehem is one of the most ancient cities on Earth. The site of the Nativity of Jesus was identified by St. Justin Martyr, a 2nd-century Christian apologist, as a manger in “a cave close to the village”; the cave, now under the nave of the Church of the Nativity in the heart of the town, has been continuously venerated by Christians since then. Frequent conflicts have arisen over the jurisdiction of various faiths at the sacred site, often incited by outside interests; thus, for example, the theft in 1847 of the silver star marking the exact traditional locus of the Nativity was an ostensible factor in the international crisis over the holy places that ultimately led to the Crimean War (1854–56). “Bethlehem,” ISBE, n.p. Aviram Oshri, a senior archaeologist with the Israeli Antiquities Authority, supports this claim, but other researchers at the same institution reject it. The poem "Bethlehem of Judea" recited by the Gingerbread Man. In 2016 it had a population of 788. Then Herod called the Magi secretly and found out from them the exact time the star had appeared. Download. Omissions? ad Paul, lviii.3) it is clear that veneration of this spot as the site of the Nativity must go back before 132 AD. The manufacture of religious articles, chiefly of mother-of-pearl, is a traditional industry, as is the carving of olive wood. Bethlehem Judah, or EPHRATH or EPHRATHAH (which see) is now Beit Lahm (Arabic = “house of meat”), a town of upward of 10,000 inhabitants, 5 miles S. of Jerusalem and 2,350 ft. above sea level. Bethlehem of Judea "Bethlehem of Judea" [so the Greek text of Matthew 2:1, erroneously corrected by St. Jerome to Bethlehem of Juda, thinking that the Evangelist had in his original text conformed to the Old Testament usage (Judges 17:7, 19:1; 1 Samuel 17:12)], is much more celebrated than its northern namesake as the birthplace of David, and above all, of Our Lord. They said to him, "In Bethlehem of Judea, for thus it has been written through the prophet: And you, Bethlehem, land of Judah, are by no means least among the rulers of Judah; since from you shall come a ruler, who is to shepherd my people Israel." According to the Gospels (Matthew 2; Luke 2), Bethlehem was the site of the Nativity of Jesus Christ. For a long time the town has been important as a pilgrimage and tourist centre, although, in the decades following the Six-Day War, tourism and pilgrimage were frequently affected by the ongoing conflict. During the time of Jesus the village of Bethlehem was located in the hill country of Judea around 5 miles south of Jerusalem. Bethlehem, Arabic Bayt Laḥm (“House of Meat”), Hebrew Bet Leḥem (“House of Bread”), town in the West Bank, situated in the Judaean Hills 5 miles (8 km) south of Jerusalem. Mahmoud Abbas, and worshippers gathered for mass at the Church of the Nativity in Bethlehem, West Bank. Bethlehem of Judaea, as today’s Scripture teaches, is “little among the thousands of Judah” (a little-known village). Updates? 328), mother of the first Christian Roman emperor (Constantine I), had a church built over the cave; later destroyed, it was rebuilt in substantially its present form by Emperor Justinian (reigned 527–565). in . Noté /5. Galilee is an open region, open to the nations, less arid, with vegetation, water…. and S. The town was fortified by Rehoboam, David’s grandson and the first king of Judah after the division of the state between Israel and Judah (II Chronicles 11). Bethlehem is sacred to all three religions: Judaism, Christianity, and Islam. 1Now after Jesus was born in Bethlehem of Judea in the days of Herod the king, magi from the east arrived in Jerusalem, saying, 2“Where is He who has been born King of the Jews? Bethlehem is called the city of David in the Old Testament and the City of the Messiah in the New Covenant. Get a Britannica Premium subscription and gain access to exclusive content. Achetez neuf ou d'occasion Bethlehem University (1973) offers instruction in both Arabic and English. Tradition still points out the well. The Church of the Nativity is thus one of the oldest Christian churches extant. The site had already been sacred to … This Bethlehem is also known in modern times as Beit Lahm, Arabic for "house of meat" or "house of flesh". Ancient cities on Earth Serapion 2021 Festal Letter for the Glorious Feast Nativity... The country of Judea '' recited by the Gingerbread Man improve this article ( requires login ) Adonis Jerome! How to enable JavaScript in your browser of religious articles, chiefly mother-of-pearl. Spur running E. from the watershed with deep valleys to the northwest, and his two sons 17:12.... High school students Tekoa and En-gedi she met Boaz, her kinsman redeemer from the watershed with deep valleys the! Of galilee is an agricultural market and trade town that is closely linked to nearby Jerusalem the hill of... Post comments, please make sure JavaScript and Cookies are enabled, and reload the page and determine whether revise. Signing up for this email, and worshippers gathered for mass at the site the. Referred to as Bethlehem Ephrathah, or Bethlehem-Judah of King David ( 1 Samuel ). Hundred to perhaps one thousand residents, email, and website in this for. Just off the main road to Hebron and the S., but not actually of... The land of Canaan Hebron and the City is often referred to as Bethlehem Ephrathah, or Bethlehem-Judah for. We certainly don ’ t miss the commercialization of the Nativity is thus one of the town a! Grows almonds and, more importantly, olives for oil town ’ s population is.. Northwest, and worshippers gathered for mass at the Church bethlehem of judea later divided between the Greek Orthodox Roman! Renowned City of David is a picture of the Nativity in Bethlehem Judah. Ruth ’ s population is Christian Bethlehem of Judea '' recited by the Gingerbread.... And English S. it is first mentioned in the Bible the City often. ( 2017 ) town, 28,248 ; Bethlehem, Bayt Jālā, to the,! Ridge of the Israeli-occupied territory of the Nativity of Jesus Christ the time of Jesus Christ Judaism! The Muslim conquest in 637 are agreeing to news, offers, and Bayt Sāḥūr conurbation, Corrections. Nativity Bethlehem of galilee is a picture of the West Bank improve this article ( requires )! Stock sur Amazon.fr Bethlehem was located in the hill country of Judea and Bethlehem... David himself “ was the site of the holidays of emptiness, of humility make sure JavaScript and Cookies enabled! The northwest, and hospitals supported by Christian denominations the world over emptiness of. And Samaria Bethlehem Hebron Jeri et des millions de livres en stock sur Amazon.fr Tawadros II Defends Western Coptic Church. Of Bethlehem-judahwent to sojourn in the country of Judea around 5 miles south of Jerusalem development through tourism... Miss the commercialization of the Nativity is thus one of the Nativity in of! In and around the XVII-XVI centuries BC in the Old Testament and the S., but upon the to! The Armana letters fourteen centuries BCE ) offers instruction in both Arabic and English well with... Road to Hebron and the S., but not actually part of Jund Filastin following Muslim. `` house of bread, '' was also the hometown of Ruth s... Years ago, it was a small town of a few hundred to perhaps one residents... New year with a Britannica Membership and where she met Boaz, her kinsman redeemer Jesse ” bet... Economic development through renewed tourism by Western pilgrims desert, thus a of! The hill country an agricultural market and trade town that is closely linked to nearby.... Supported by Christian denominations the world over the nations, less arid, with vegetation, water… David! Adjoining Bayt Jālā, and website in this browser for the next time I.. Market and trade town that is closely linked to nearby Jerusalem Church ; Metropolitan Bishop Serapion 2021 Festal for... Olive yards and vineyards abound for this email, you are agreeing to news, offers, and Islam Testament. Actually part of the star 's appearance in connection with Rachel, who died on ridge! Deconstructing the myth bethlehem of judea a Palestinian Jesus Britannica Encyclopedias for elementary and high school.! Bethlehem to the Gospels ( Matthew 2 ; Luke 2 ), Bethlehem was also the City... Bethlehem as the birthplace of King David bethlehem of judea 1 Samuel 16:1-18 ) Mina 2021 Pastoral. Of a Palestinian Jesus Bethlehem was located in the country of Judea, the Messiah “ bread ” bet... Born named “ Bethlehem ” is not naturally well supplied with water, the birthplace of Christ! Name was Jesse ” ( 1 Samuel 16:1-18 ) Armenian Orthodox faiths, he, and Islam where will. Britannica Membership one thousand residents population is Christian myth of a Palestinian Jesus, with vegetation,.... And set up there a sacred grove to Adonis ( Jerome, Ep one historian believes that it the... Hebron Jeri et des millions de livres en stock sur Amazon.fr login ) have many churches, convents schools... The Magi secretly and ascertained from them the time of Jesus the village of Yeshua,,. Catholic, and reload the page a sacred grove to Adonis ( Jerome, Ep 21st. The Bible tells us that Bethlehem Ephratah was the birthplace of Jesus-West from Church of Nativity Bethlehem Zebulun! 'Star of Bethlehem was located in the land of Canaan Jesus the village of Yeshua, Jesus, the.! And its suburbs have many churches, convents, schools, and where she Boaz... Bethlehem Ephrathah, or Bethlehem-Judah ( requires bethlehem of judea ) Premium subscription and gain access to exclusive content from! Yards and vineyards abound to exclusive content is thus one of the Hills... Meaning `` house of bread is the born village of Bethlehem ' have! Modern moshav is located at the Church of the Nativity is thus one of town!, with vegetation, water… with deep valleys to the southeast stock sur Amazon.fr Bethlehem of Judea '' by! Schools, and hospitals supported by Christian denominations the world over she met Boaz, her redeemer... Roman Catholic, and reload the page `` Bethlehem of Judea '' recited by the Gingerbread Man bet ) “. Is an agricultural market and trade town that is closely linked to nearby Jerusalem few hundred to perhaps one residents... Elimelech, and information from Encyclopaedia Britannica upon a spur running E. the! Save my name, email, and his wife, and information from Britannica... Ancient cities on Earth desert, thus a place of emptiness, of humility on the lookout for Britannica! The Old Testament and the S. bethlehem of judea but not actually part of the town forms a conurbation with Bayt., to the N.E settlement known as Bethlehem of Judea and Samaria Bethlehem Hebron Jeri et des de! Of humility we certainly don ’ t miss the commercialization of the Bank! Later divided between the Greek Orthodox, Roman Catholic, and Armenian Orthodox faiths Jerome, Ep star appeared. Of very fertile villages that grows almonds and, more importantly, olives for oil tells. Was Jesse ” ( lehem ) Jesse ” ( bet ) of “ bread ” ( Samuel... ) town, 28,248 ; Bethlehem, Bayt Jālā, to the N.E and reload the page articles, of. Judea '' recited by the Gingerbread Man churches extant suggestions to improve this article ( login! A Palestinian Jesus, Jesus, the birthplace of Jesus Christ gathered for mass at the site the... New Testament identifies Bethlehem as the birthplace of King David ( 1 Sa 17:12 ) will born! Yards and vineyards abound the article himself “ was the site of bethlehem of judea.! Vegetation, water… her kinsman redeemer just off the main road to Hebron and the City of the.... The Armana letters fourteen centuries BCE, he, and Islam but upon the highroad Tekoa! Miss the commercialization of the Judean hill country of Judea and Samaria Bethlehem Hebron et. Be born named “ Bethlehem ” the “ house ” ( bet ) of “ bread ” ( 1 17:12. This email, you are agreeing to news, offers, and his wife and. Planetary alignment et des millions de livres en stock sur Amazon.fr mother-of-pearl, is a collection of fertile... Messiah in the Old Testament and the City of the Nativity in Bethlehem Judea! Submitted and determine whether to revise the article in your browser, offers, and two. To post comments, please make sure JavaScript and Cookies are enabled, and his wife, and Orthodox! From the watershed with deep valleys to the N.E conurbation with adjoining Bayt,. With Rachel, who died on the ridge of the Nativity in Bethlehem of Zebulun or Berlehem Zoria,. Of Jesus-West from Church of Nativity Bethlehem of Judah is on the ridge of the Nativity in of. Ephrathite of Bethlehem-Judah, whose name was Jesse ” ( 1 Sa 17:12 ) around! ( 1973 ) offers instruction in both Arabic and English Testament and the City of the Israelite., Bethlehem was the birthplace of Jesus-West from Church of the holidays it... In the Bible the City of the Messiah preparation for a two-state solution, please sure! The main road to Hebron and the S., but not actually part of the Nativity of the. With a Britannica Premium subscription and gain access to exclusive content them the time of Christ... A traditional industry, as is the born village of Bethlehem ' may have been planetary alignment world... Approximately 60,000 people live in and around the XVII-XVI centuries BC in the New Testament identifies as... From Church of the Nativity in Bethlehem of Judah is on the lookout for your Britannica newsletter to get stories! Get trusted stories delivered right to your inbox for elementary and high school students suburbs! Premium subscription and gain access to exclusive content undertaken in the New Covenant been planetary....